Atta ant. Reproduction. All colonies of Atta ants have a queen ...

Leaf-cutter ant nest openings emit up to 100,000 times more carbon di

Atta cephalotes is a fascinating mushroom ant. Colonies with gigantic 2-3cm queen, with symbiotic fungus on which she feeds, garden workers and brood in a breeding box. Delivery by special carrier only or Click and Collect. Atta cephalotes is a fascinating mushroom ant. Colonies with gigantic 2-3cm queen, with symbiotic fungus on which she ...Find ants available for export here. Live ants sale not permitted to the USA, Western Australia or Tasmania. Our live queen ants and colonies are from the famous Gamergate brand. These ants are sourced from their own private properties across Victoria in accordance with their Wildlife Trade Operation Licence and export permit. Ensuring that the collection process is sustainable and meets the ...Leaf-cutting ants of the genus Atta are widely distributed throughout the American tropics and subtropics and rival other herbivores in the consumption of surrounding foliage. Although numerous studies have been conducted on the role these insects play in herbivory and organic matter dynamics, only a handful of studies have examined their impacts on soil greenhouse gas emissions.Atta or ATTA may refer to: Atta (ant), a genus of ants in the family Formicidae. Atta (novel), a 1953 novel by Francis Rufus Bellamy. Atta flour, whole wheat flour made from durum wheat commonly used in South Asian cooking. Atta (Buddhism), Pali for "self" or "soul", central to the core Buddhist concept of Anatta, no-self.Abstract 1. Atta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) leafcutter ants display the most polymorphic worker caste system in ants, with different sizes specialising in different tasks. The largest workers (majors)...Leafcutter ants, a non-generic name, are any of 41 species of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex. These species of tropical, fungus-growing ants are all endemic to South and Central America and parts of the southern United States. The Acromyrmex and Atta ants have much in common anatomically; however, the two can be identified by their external differences. Atta ...Atta Fabricius is an ecologically dominant leaf-cutting ant genus, the major herbivore of the Neotropics, and an agricultural pest of great economic importance. Phylogenetic relationships within Atta have until now remained uncertain, and the delimitation and identification of a subset of Atta species are problematic. To address these phylogenetic uncertainties, we reconstruct the most ...Nest ventilation should be particularly relevant for the huge colonies of leaf-cutting ants, genus Atta. Considerable amounts of O2 are consumed and CO2 produced by both the fungus gardens and the ...The ants arrived safely. This store is very reliable. If I want to buy ant queens in the future, I will go to this store. Jan V. Messor cephalotes - she arrived now. Thank you, everything is good! She is huge! 😮 Everything was fine. Well packed. Dr Lorenzo F. Good morning, received yesterday queen with about 20 workers in excellent condition.Watch A BUG'S LIFE Clip - "Hopper Arrival" (1998) Pixar. Let us know what you think in the comments below!A BUG'S LIFE is the animation movie by John Lassete...Ants in gen­eral progress through four stages of de­vel­op­ment: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Atta sex­dens, like all hy­menopter­ans are haplo-diploid, mean­ing males are hap­loid (one of each chro­mo­some) and fe­males are …Leafcutter ants, a non-generic name, are any of 41 species of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex. These species of tropical, fungus-growing ants are all endemic to South and Central America and parts of the southern United States. The Acromyrmex and Atta ants have much in common anatomically; however, the two can …Ant–fungus mutualism. Atta colombica queen. The ant–fungus mutualism is a symbiosis seen between certain ant and fungal species, in which ants actively cultivate fungus much like humans farm crops as a food source. There is only evidence of two instances in which this form of agriculture evolved in ants resulting in a dependence on fungi ...This myrmecophilous genus of cockroaches, belonging to the family Ectobiidae, is restricted to leaf-cutter ants as hosts. Attaphila cockroaches are known to ride on workers within the ant nest. Attaphila are only known from nests of leaf-cutting ants (Atta, Acromyrmex, Amoimyrmex), with one questionable exception, an undetermined Attaphila individual briefly spotted in the nest of an ...Overview of species Atta laevigata from AntWeb. Specimen Habitat Summary. Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in cerrado, 3 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 1 times found in premontane rainforest, 1 times found in clearing, 1 times found in campo cerrado, 1 times found in Plantation. Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ground foragers, 1 times ...Nov 21, 2018 ... ... ant, (Atta mexicana) consumed in Mexico, is one of the common edible insects. These ants come out of their nests during the first strong ...Sep 21, 2017 ... We found that larval and pupal guts of both ant species contained Pseudomonas and Enterobacter bacteria that are also found in fungus gardens, ...Ferruginous Carpenter Ant (Camponotus chromaiodes) Status: present / Native. Last observation: Ferruginous Carpenter Ant from Bloomington, IL 61701, USA on September 6, 2023 at 10:48 AM by Zoology123 (View All) | 0 comments. Chestnut Carpenter Ant (Camponotus castaneus) Status: present / Native.The life cycle of leafcutter ants. Leafcutting ants comprise 24 known species of Acromyrmex (Table 17-1) and 15 of Atta (Table 17-2). Because the Atta workers are so large and spectacular in their behavior, many entomologists have set out to study their life cycle and biology.Ants, Termites and Mushrooms. ... Atta sexdens is the most economically important and the one which is most intensely studied, and the species that we will look at in detail as representative of this group of ants. Colonies of A. sexdens start from a …The nearly 50 species of leafcutter ants (Atta, Acromyrmex) range from Argentina to the United States, with the greatest species diversity in southern South America. We elucidate the biogeography of fungi cultivated by leafcutter ants using DNA sequence and microsatellite-marker analyses of 474 cultivars collected across the leafcutter range.The nest micromorphology of the leaf-cutting ant Atta vollenweideri and the mound-building termite Cortaritermes fulviceps, both species occurring in frequently flooded plains of the NE of ...Many species of ant cultivate fungi, but by far the most elaborate gardeners are Atta texana.To extract energy from the leaves they forage, these ants maintain a crop called Leucoagaricus ...Ant Run. By. AidanYeckley09. Watch. Published: Jan 16, 2023. 11 Favourites. 0 Comments. 2.9K Views. abugslife chickenrun moviespoof parody. Description. A spoof of Chicken Run (2000). Cast Princess Atta as Ginger Flik as Rocky Rosie as Babs Gypsy as Mac Dr. Flora as Bunty Mr. Soil as Fowler Francis and Slim as Nick and Fetcher Ants and Circus ...Both the ants and fungus benefit from this symbiotic relationship that has evolved over millions of years. Leafcutter ants can be found in regions of North, Central, and South America. Live camera hours: 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 …Fire ants are vicious when their nests are disturbed. As a result, it is not uncommon to experience multiple stings from several ants if you accidentally come across their home. These bites are pretty painful and often incredibly itchy.Atta colonies were surveyed in 59 belt transects of 300 × 20 m, covering a total area of 35.4 ha. We found 224 Atta colonies, 131 of which were active and belonged to Atta opaciceps (87 colonies, 2.45 ha −1), A. sexdens (35 colonies, 0.98 ha −1) and A. laevigata (9 colonies, 0.25 ha −1).Atta texana (Buckley) is a fungus ant commonly called the Texas leaf-cutter ant because it is found mainly in south central and eastern regions of the state. It also occurs in scattered locations in northwestern Louisiana. Primarily considered an agricultural pest, it has also been found in homes on occasions foraging on cereals. ...Atta is a genus of New World ants of the subfamily Myrmicinae. It contains at least 17 known species. Atta leaf-cutter ants are relatively large, rusty red or brown in colour, …In ants, knowledge of hemocytes is restricted to Camponotus rufipes (Costa-Leonardo and Cruz-Landim, 1978), Formica sp. (Zapolskikh et al., 1981), Atta laevigata (Giannotti and Caetano, 1985), and Atta cephalotes (Valência-Giraldo et al., 2021). Ants are among the most abundant and important insects in various environments.Ants selected extra-large loads mainly under low flow conditions; the increment of ant flow caused an exponential decrease in the proportion and in the preference to carry extra-large fragments. Restriction of heavy vehicles during peak hours is a common traffic rule that prevents traffic jams in transport networks.Worker ants follow trails to reach the foraging site [], where they cut leaves, flowers and buds [].Atta cephalotes ants bring this plant material back to their nest to cultivate symbiotic fungus, causing orchard losses of billions of dollars []. Atta ants feed from plant biomass at rates up to 500 kg/per colony/per year [].An Atta ant colony …Their fungi produce nutritious and swollen hyphal tips (gongylidia) that grow in bundles called staphylae, to specifically feed the ants. Finally, colony size varies tremendously among these ants. Lower taxa mostly live in inconspicuous nests with 100-1000 individuals and relatively small fungus gardens.Atta colonies were surveyed in 59 belt transects of 300 × 20 m, covering a total area of 35.4 ha. We found 224 Atta colonies, 131 of which were active and belonged to Atta opaciceps (87 colonies, 2.45 ha −1), A. sexdens (35 colonies, 0.98 ha −1) and A. laevigata (9 colonies, 0.25 ha −1).Their bodies are specialized to their jobs with the largest Atta ants about 300 times bigger than the smallest. Atta are the most complex of ant societies. Nitrogen is the prime resource for fungus-farming ants. The fungi require it. Nitrogen is provided by the items that the ants bring into their nests: droppings, insect bodies, flowers, and ...Leafcutter ants propagate co-evolving fungi for food. The nearly 50 species of leafcutter ants (Atta, Acromyrmex) range from Argentina to the USA, with the greatest species diversity in southern ...For Atta ants the values of Vm = 4.04 cm s−1, km = 0.59 cm−2 and n ≈ 0.64 were confirmed [23,28]. This gives an estimate for the velocity corresponding to the maximum flow of V = 0.39Vm. 3. Load-Dependent Traffic Organization in Ants The basic challenge for any self-organizingtraffic optimization is the ability to adaptThe response of Atta sexdens rubropilosa Forel workers to essential oils, epicuticular wax and hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts of Eucalyptus maculata was evaluated. Hexane extracts of E. maculata interfered with the recognition mechanism among workers. The main active compounds identified from this plant were the sesquiterpenes elemol and β-eudesmol. These ...Atta cephalotes, the largest leafcutter ant in Costa Rica, is fairly common in its range. Although some species of ants have super colonies that can span for...Ants are critical components of terrestrial ecosystems around the world (Hölldobler and Wilson, 1990).Among ants, leaf-cutters in the genus Atta are particularly dominant, with mature colonies ...The attine ant system is a remarkable example of symbiosis. An antagonistic partner within this system is the fungal ... However, in the coevolutionary arms race, Atta ants may loseIndividuals were obtained from three colonies of A. laevigata from Teixeiras (20 39' S 42 51' W), Minas Gerais, Brazil, and maintained in the Leafcutting Ants Laboratory at the Federal University of Vicosa. Class-3 gland cells and an epidermal gland with a reservoir were found in all the castes. The queens and soldiers showed a higher ...Overview of species Atta laevigata from AntWeb. Specimen Habitat Summary. Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in cerrado, 3 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 1 times found in premontane rainforest, 1 times found in clearing, 1 times found in campo cerrado, 1 times found in Plantation. Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ground foragers, 1 times ...Leafcutter ants, a non-generic name, are any of 41 species of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex. These species of tropical, fungus-growing ants are all endemic to South and Central America and parts of the southern United States. The Acromyrmex and Atta ants have much in common anatomically; however, the two can be identified by their external differences. Atta ...Saúva carregando um pedaço de noz. Chamam-se saúvas as formigas-cortadeiras no Brasil, especialmente as rainhas do gênero Atta, insetos da família dos formicídeos.Conta atualmente com cerca de duzentas espécies, todas nativas do Novo Mundo e mais abundantes na Região Neotropical.São chamadas ainda, entre outros nomes, de saúba, formiga-cortadeira, formiga-carregadeira, formiga-de ...Atta texana is a fungus-farming ant species of the genus Atta, found in Texas, Louisiana and northeastern states of Mexico. Common names include town ant, ...The leaf‐cutting ants of the genus Atta are of extreme importance for agriculture and forestry. Few active products can be employed to control these pests and, therefore, the discovery of new ...Atta is a genus of New World ants of the subfamily Myrmicinae. It contains at least 17 known species. Atta leaf-cutter ants are relatively large, rusty red or brown in colour, and have a spiny body and long legs. The three main castes within a nest are the queen, worker, and soldier. Only the queens and males have wings (alate), and these ants are also known as reproductives or swarmers.Scientific Name: Atta mexicana. Chicatanas are flying ants and the queen ants are a pre-Hispanic delicacy dating back centuries. During the rainy season in central Mexico, Zapotecs would gather the queen ants that emerge from the ground only during a few months each year. Today, the tradition is carried on by people throughout central Mexico.The study also revealed that most of the evolutionarily derived generic lineages of the higher attines including the Acromyrmex and Atta leaf‐cutting ants, evolved in Central/North America from a single colonizing lineage that reached the northern subcontinent ca. 20 MYA, that is, well before the Isthmus of Panama closed.In this study, a leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens DNA fragment containing 1623 base pairs was amplified and cloned into a vector to express the protein (AsChtII-C4B1) in Pichia pastoris. AsChtII-C4B1, which contains one catalytic domain and one carbohydrate-binding module (CBM), was secreted to the extracellular medium and purified by ammonium ...Ants are a common pest problem that can be a nuisance in your home, especially during the summer months. While chemical sprays and baits can be effective, they may not be the best solution for those who prefer natural alternatives.Previous studies described the foraging pattern of Atta cephalotes as nocturnal, since foraging trails had higher ant flows during the dark phase 35,36. However a small, but not negligible number ...Worker ants follow trails to reach the foraging site [], where they cut leaves, flowers and buds [].Atta cephalotes ants bring this plant material back to their nest to cultivate symbiotic fungus, causing orchard losses of billions of dollars []. Atta ants feed from plant biomass at rates up to 500 kg/per colony/per year [].An Atta ant colony …The objective of our study was to evaluate the parasitism of the leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens Linnaeus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) by the phorids Apocephalus attophilus Borgmeier and Eibesfeldtphora tonhascai Brown (both Diptera: Phoridae) across seasons throughout a yr in a Brazilian Cerrado-Atlantic Forest ecotone, and compare their ant ...Atta ants have three pairs of spines and a smooth exoskeleton on the upper surface of the thorax, while Acromyrmex ants have four pairs and a rough exoskeleton. Next to …N Sloth cc-by-nc. Atta (Leaf Cutter Ants) is a genus of Hymenoptera in the family ants. They are diurnal. EOL has data for 8 attributes, including: Body symmetry. bilaterally symmetric. is eaten by. Urocyon Baird 1857 (Grey Foxes) host of.Bunsen Is a Beast. Lightyear. Characters/Pixar. Monsters, Inc. The Ants An ambitious but awkward ant whose inventions alienate him from the rest of his colony. Adaptational Badass: His video game counterpart actually fights other bugs, and boy is he good at it! All of the Other Reindeer: He is regularly ….The Insider Trading Activity of ANTE ADAM BROOKS on Markets Insider. Indices Commodities Currencies StocksAbstract Ethological studies are conducted under laboratory conditions using workers of Atta sexdens sexdens and Atta opaciceps collected from field colonies to investigate the mechanisms involved in the alarm response and intra-specific recognition in leaf-cutting ants.The nest micromorphology of the leaf-cutting ant Atta vollenweideri and the mound-building termite Cortaritermes fulviceps, both species occurring in frequently flooded plains of the NE of ...Leaf-cutting ants (Atta spp.) are known for their extensive defoliation in neo-tropical forests and savannahs. Debate about the costs and benefits of their activities has been largely dominated by their detrimental effects on agriculture and agroforestry. However, the large accumulation of nutrients and changes in soil properties near their ...Aug 30, 2022 ... Here, a protocol is described to successfully collect and maintain healthy Atta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ant colonies in laboratory conditions.The team also found that as colonies grew larger, Atta ants acquired more specialized roles and body shapes. An entire subset of small worker ants, for example, develops enlarged glands and seem to specialize in finding and treating fungus outbreaks. So far, there have been no observed instances of an Escovopsis outbreak destroying a …Background: Leaf-cutting ants (LCAs) of the genera Atta and Acromyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) are important pests of forest plantations, agriculture and livestock. Toxic baits containing the active ingredients fipronil or sulfluramid are the main method used to control LCAs. Insecticide dispersion among members of an LCA colony during control with toxic bait is not well understood.In this study, a leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens DNA fragment containing 1623 base pairs was amplified and cloned into a vector to express the protein (AsChtII-C4B1) in Pichia pastoris. AsChtII-C4B1, which contains one catalytic domain and one carbohydrate-binding module (CBM), was secreted to the extracellular medium and purified by ammonium ...Males of the leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens have been flown in the laboratory and exhibit maximal flight activity at 17.00 to 18.00 hr, 9 to 10 hr after 'lights-on'. Flight tendency is also ...A rapid, nondestructive, and inexpensive method to estimate the long-term harvest of Atta colombica colonies, which facilitates quantifying A. colombicas herbivory on scales of populations and ecosystems, or over long- term scales. Leaf‐cutting ants (genera Atta and Acromyrmex) are considered dominant herbivores of Neotropical forests. However, so far quantitative, long‐term, and large ...Atta leafcutter ant colonies comparable in social complexity with honeybees and African fungus-growing termites; referred to as “superorganisms” Sophisticated division of labor and reproductive caste systems; single breeding queen can have more than 5 million workers that forage and cooperatively care for developing broodSome ants can survive under water for up to 14 days. Water temperature is the most-important determining factor in the time, with lower water temperatures facilitating longer survival times.Methyl 4-methylpyrrole-2-carboxylate ( Ar7) was the first trail pheromone identified in ants. It is used by Atta texana, 231 Atta cephalotes, 232 and Acromyrmex octospinosus. 233 Two Metapone ant species use the unsubstituted derivative Ar40 as the trail pheromone. 234 Methyl nicotinate ( Ar41) is the minor component of the trail pheromone of ...A Bug's Life. A Bug's Life is a 1998 computer animated film, released by Disney and Pixar. It concerns an oddball ant named Flik, who recruits circus bugs to defend his colony from grasshoppers. Directed by John Lasseter. Written by Andrew Stanton.Atta cephalotes is a fascinating mushroom ant. Colonies with gigantic 2-3cm queen, with symbiotic fungus on which she feeds, garden workers and brood in a breeding box. Delivery by special carrier only or Click and Collect. Atta cephalotes is a fascinating mushroom ant. Colonies with gigantic 2-3cm queen, with symbiotic fungus on which she ...Ant nutrition. The nutritional value can vary depending on the type of ant. However, they can be a good source of protein and fat; ants can indeed help you survive! Ants can contain up to 21 percent protein in their bodies. This is much higher than other insects like grasshoppers which can only have about 11% total body weight composed of protein.Morphological castes occur throughout ant species, but their role in task partitioning and colony success remains controversial. Task partitioning based on size is thought to increase colony efficiency, but tests of this hypothesis are difficult. In this study, we delve into the role of different morphological castes of Atta cephalotes in the maintenance of trunk trails, a task considered very ...Leaf-Cutter Ant (Atta cephalotes) Spanish name: Zampopas. ← →. Sightings. Habitat. These ants are present in many forest and agricultural situations in humid areas. Range. They can be found in regions of Central and South America with humid tropical forest. Physical Description.The leafcutter ant Atta mexicana lives at the extreme northern margin of its range in the Sonoran Desert of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. This ant has a fascinating natural history that has been described to thousands of park visitors over the last 30 years. Because the National Park Service had had no knowledge of ant colony distribution or population size in the backcountry of Organ ...Atta colonies were surveyed in 59 belt transects of 300 × 20 m, covering a total area of 35.4 ha. We found 224 Atta colonies, 131 of which were active and belonged to Atta opaciceps (87 colonies, 2.45 ha −1), A. sexdens (35 colonies, 0.98 ha −1) and A. laevigata (9 colonies, 0.25 ha −1).The ants cut pieces of leaves, using their jaws and transport the fragments to the nest below the ground which consists of 1,000 compartments and accommodate millions of single ants. The ants belonging to the genus of Atta are distinguished by ants of different sizes based on their responsibilities like the soldiers, worker ants.Atta ants excavate the largest and,likely, the most complex nests among ants (Hölldobler & Wilson 2011). Besides creating canopy gaps above nests that have far-reaching consequences for forest structure, microclimate, and tree communities at nest sites (Corrêa et al 2010,Meyeret alAtta cephalotes, Wilhelma Zoo, Stuttgart. Leafcutter ants, a non-generic name, are any of 47 species [1] of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex . These species of tropical, fungus-growing ants are all endemic to South and Central America, Mexico, and parts of the southern United States. [2]I was listening to the song and for some reason it struck me as a good song to make a Flik/Atta video for since I've always loved them. A Bug's Life is kind ...Other articles where Atta is discussed: leafcutter ant: Nests of the Atta genus are characterized by ants of different sizes corresponding to castes of workers, soldiers, reproductives, and “guards.” Deep within the nest, the ants physically and chemically cultivate subterranean “gardens” of fungus that grow on the chewed leaves. The ants …These ants have also evolved one of the most complex forms of division of labor, with colonies composed of different-sized workers specialized for different tasks. To gain insight into the biology of these ants, we sequenced the first genome of a leaf-cutter ant, Atta cephalotes. Our analysis of this genome reveals characteristics reflecting ...DOI: 10.1046/j.1570-7458.1998.00413.x Corpus ID: 86135284; Reduction in the foraging activity of the leaf‐cutting ant Atta sexdens caused by the phorid Neodohrniphora sp. @article{Bragana1998ReductionIT, title={Reduction in the foraging activity of the leaf‐cutting ant Atta sexdens caused by the phorid Neodohrniphora sp.}, author={Marcos Antonio Lima Bragança and Athayde Tonhasca and ...The attini tribe comprises fungusgrowing ants, such as the basal Apterostigma and other more specialized genera, including the higher attine and the ones that cut the fresh plant tissue (Atta and Acromyrmex), maintaining an obligatory mutualistic relation with the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, which serves as a food source for …Atta cephalotes, Wilhelma Zoo, Stuttgart. Leafcutter ants, a non-generic name, are any of 47 species [1] of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex . These species of tropical, fungus-growing ants are all endemic to South and Central America, Mexico, and parts of the southern United States. [2] For Atta ants the values of Vm = 4.04 cm s−1, km = 0.59 cm−2 and n ≈ 0.64 were confirmed [23,28]. This gives an estimate for the velocity corresponding to the maximum flow of V = 0.39Vm. 3. Load-Dependent Traffic Organization in Ants The basic challenge for any self-organizingtraffic optimization is the ability to adaptAppearance. Ants range in size from the miniscule up to one inch long, and usually appear black, brown, red, or yellow. Ants look much like termites, and the two are often confused. Ants can be ...We explore this broad question in the leaf-cutting ant Atta cephalotes, a species distributed across the Andes Mountains using nuclear microsatellite markers and mtCOI gene sequences.The ant colony is of the species Atta cephalotes - one of 50 leafcutter species in the Americas, the only region in the world where they're found. It was brought to the Bay Area from Trinidad by Brian Fisher, chair of the Academy's Department of Entomology. The ants currently carry leaf pieces inside a plastic tube about 8 feet long.A handful of ant species (approx. 275 out of the known 15,000 species) have developed the ability to cultivate fungus within their nests. In most species the fungus is used as the sole food source for the larvae and is an important resource for the adults as well. ... Atta ; Note that the farming habits of Mycetagroicus are unknown. Also, while ...These ants have also evolved one of the most complex forms of division of labor, with colonies composed of different-sized workers specialized for different tasks. To gain insight into the biology of these ants, we sequenced the first genome of a leaf-cutter ant, Atta cephalotes. Our analysis of this genome reveals characteristics reflecting .... Arthropod Antics' mission statement is simple: Make the anQueen Atta (formerly known as Princess Atta) is the queen of Therefore, we examined the indirect effects of the LCA Atta cephalotes L. on the leaf-litter arthropod community. We compared abundance and diversity patterns at ant nests to areas distant from nests, utilizing both a factorial design and gradient analysis for both nocturnal and diurnal arthropods.The leaf-cutting ant, Atta cephalotes, is an economically important pest in tropical and subtropical agricultural and forestry ecosystems. These ants use leaf fragments to cultivate Attamyces sp ... Atta ants travel on cleared trails, known as trunk-trails—maintai Hopper is the main antagonist of Disney/Pixar's 1998 film A Bug's Life. He is the leader of the grasshoppers and Flik's arch-nemesis. Ruthless and violent, but also cunning, Hopper thinks nothing of killing ants, whom he considers lower than dirt, and his manner of speaking to Princess Atta is reminiscent of an abusive boyfriend mocking his terrified girlfriend. He …Leaf-cutting ants of the genus Atta excavate the largest and likely most complex nests among ants (Jonkman 1980; Moreira et al. 2004; Bollazzi et al. 2012), with several thousands of underground ... In leafcutter ant. Nests of the Atta genus are characterize...

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